Sun allergy: symptoms, treatment, and everything you need to know
This is a term that is very often used to describe several conditions in which an itchy rash occurs in the sun allergy symptoms
Nancy Alvarez | The Sun of Hermosillo
While it is true that there are various types of allergies, the most frequent being seasonal, to animals, dust, skin, food, among others, however, have you ever wondered: can you be allergic to the sun?
Although some people have an inherited type of sun allergy, others may develop signs and symptoms only when triggered by another factor, such as a medication or skin exposure to plants such as parsnips or limes.
Mild cases of sun allergy may go away without treatment, however more severe cases may require treatment with steroid creams or pills, in other cases those with a severe sun allergy may need to take preventive measures and wear protective clothing of the sun.
Allergy-affected skin can vary widely depending on what is causing the problem. The following are examples of signs and symptoms:
- itching or pain
- Small bumps that can turn into raised spots
- Peeling, crusting or bleeding
- Blisters or hives
When do you have to go to the doctors?
Seeing your doctor is only if you have unusual and bothersome skin reactions after exposure to sunlight, if you have severe or persistent symptoms, you may need to see aa dermatologist who specialises in the diagnosis and treatment of skin diseases. skin (dermatologist).
Some medications, chemicals and diseases can make the skin more sensitive to the sun, although it is still not clear why some people have sun allergies and others do not, perhaps this influences some hereditary traits.
Which are the risk factors?
Risk factors for an allergic reaction to sunlight include the following:
- Race. Anyone can be allergic to the sun, but there are certain allergies to the sun that are more common in people with fair skin.
- Exposure to certain substances. Skin allergy symptoms are triggered when the skin is exposed to a substance and then to sunlight, with fragrances frequently causing this type of reaction, disinfectants and even some chemicals used in sunscreens.
- Medication consumption. Some medications can speed up the process of sunburn on the skin, such as tetracycline antibiotics, sulfa drugs, and pain relievers such as ketoprofen.
- Have another skin disease. Dermatitis raises the chances of developing a sun allergy.
- Having blood relatives who have allergies to the sun. You are more likely to have a sun allergy if you have a sibling or parent with a sun allergy.
If you have a sun allergy or increased sensitivity to the sun, you can help prevent a reaction by following these steps:
- Avoid sudden exposure to too much sunlight. Many people have sun allergy symptoms when they are exposed to more sunlight in the spring or summer, this increases considerably depending on the amount of time you spend outdoors so that your skin cells have time to adapt to the sunlight.
- Wear sunglasses and protective clothing. Long-sleeved shirts and hats can help protect your skin from sun exposure.
- Use sunscreen. This should be a broad spectrum with an SPF of at least 30. Apply plenty of sunscreen and reapply every two hours, or more frequently if you’re swimming or sweating.
- Avoid known triggers. If you know that a certain substance causes your skin to react, such as a medication or contact with parsnips or wild limes, avoid that trigger.