Some cancers detected early have high cure potential

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Ministry of Public Health News from Salta 30% of deaths from cancer pathologies are related to unhealthy lifestyle habits, such as alcohol and tobacco consumption, inadequate nutrition, and lack of physical activity.

February 4 is World Cancer Day. On this date, health institutions at the international level intensify actions to make the population aware of the importance of healthy lifestyles as a way of preventing various cancerous pathologies.
The term cancer designates a wide group of diseases that can affect any part of the body, such as the lungs, liver, intestines.
Other denominations used by the medical literature to refer to this pathology are “malignant tumours” or “malignant neoplasms”.

A cancerous tumour can originate anywhere in the body and metastasize, which means that other organs are invaded by abnormal cells that multiply rapidly.

Approach from the public system

Within the scope of the Ministry of Public Health, there is an Oncology program run by medical oncologist Belen.
Among other actions, this program distributes supplies for the early detection of cervical cancer in the various effectors in the province with the capacity to perform Pap tests and colposcopy.
The patients included in the program receive the drugs for their treatment from the province, which makes periodic purchases. Likewise, medication is received by agreement with the National Bank of Oncological Drugs and the Ministry of Social Development of the Nation.

Importance of early detection

In some cases, the cure of cancer can be obtained through surgery, radiotherapy, or chemotherapy, depending on the evolution of the tumour. For this reason, early detection is of the utmost importance and that the patient follows an adequate and systematic treatment. Other methods of approaching cancer are immunotherapy and hormonal therapy.
Early detection is critical for preventing cancer deaths, as the disease has a high chance of being cured in its early stages, especially when it affects the cervix and breasts.
As a result, the Ministry of Public Health advises seeking medical advice as soon as possible if any symptom or abnormality in the functioning of the organism is noticed..

Risk and protective factors

About 30% of cancer deaths are related to tobacco and alcohol use, overweight and obesity, lack of physical activity, and low intake of fruits and vegetables.
In the prevention of cancerous pathologies, it is of great importance:

• Lead a healthy lifestyle.
Pay attention to behavioural and dietary risk factors.
Avoid the consumption of tobacco and alcohol.
• Avoid sun exposure without protection.
• Avoid unhealthy eating.
• Avoid overweight and obesity.
• Perform a regular physical activity.

Other factors that affect the development of the disease are exposure to ultraviolet rays (solar radiation), Viral infections. Such as those caused by hepatitis B and C, human papillomavirus (HPV) and human immunodeficiency (HIV).

Healthy habits

A healthy lifestyle consists of:
Eat more fruits and vegetables, legumes, whole grains and nuts.
• Reduce  fats of animal origin contained in cold meats, sausages, butter, and whole milk.
• Avoid the consumption of trans fatty acids, which are found in pastry products, sweets, and snacks.
• Perform physical activity daily and for at least 30 minutes.
Avoid excessive consumption of alcohol and tobacco.
• Do not expose yourself to the sun without protection between 10 am and 5 pm, especially children under three years of age and people with fair skin, light hair and eyes.

Cervical and colorectal cancer

To prevent cervical cancer in maturity. 11-year-old females should receive the human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccine, which is mandated and free across the country.
Women above the age of 25 should have a Papanicolaou (Pap) test every three years. And any abnormalities should be reported to a gynaecologist. Women between the ages of 50 and 70 should undergo a mammogram and a breast exam every two years.
To prevent colorectal cancer, men, and women over the age of 50 should have an occult blood test. Likewise, men over 65 years of age are recommended to have periodic medical examinations to prevent prostate cancer.

 

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