Stomach Acid Reflux and how you can fix it

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Acid reflux is a digestive disorder that occurs when stomach acid rises into the oesophagus. Causes of gastric acid reflux can be a hiatal hernia, eating large portions, to pregnancy.
Acid reflux is a digestive disorder that occurs when stomach acid, which should be in the stomach, rises into the oesophagus. This condition can cause heartburn.
Heartburn is pain and a burning sensation in the pit of the heart. The discomfort from heartburn can radiate to the chest and throat. Gastric acid reflux is a fairly common health disorder and can occur in all walks of life.

Causes of gastric acid reflux

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Between the oesophagus and the stomach, there is a valve through which food passes called the lower oesophagal sphincter (LES) valve. Under normal conditions, the LES will open when food passes through the oesophagus, then close immediately when food is in the stomach.
In conditions of acid reflux, the LES does not close or open too often so that stomach acid can move up into the oesophagus and cause discomfort.
A common cause of acid reflux is a stomach disorder called a hiatal hernia, which occurs when the upper part of the stomach and the LES move above the diaphragm (chest cavity).
The diaphragm also functions to hold stomach acid in place. However, in a hiatal hernia, stomach acid can rise into the oesophagus and cause heartburn.
In addition to stomach disorders, gastric acid reflux can also be caused by:

  • Eat large portions at once
  • Lie down right after eating
  • Pregnancy
  • Obesity
  • Consumption of foods/drinks that trigger excess stomach acid
  • Smoke
  • Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs.
  • Symptoms of stomach acid reflux

Several symptoms can be caused by acid reflux. The most widely recognized side effects are indigestion and disgorging.
Heartburn is pain and a burning sensation in the pit of the stomach, chest, and throat. Meanwhile, regurgitation is a sour and bitter sensation in the mouth and throat because stomach acid rises to the mouth.
In addition to these two symptoms, stomach acid reflux can also cause symptoms, such as:

  • A lump in the throat
  • Bloated
  • dry cough
  • Hoarseness or chronic sore throat
  • Frequent burping
  • Frequent hiccups
  • Vomiting blood
  • Bloody stool
  • Nauseous
  • Losing weight for no apparent reason
  • Sneeze.

How to treat stomach acid reflux

Indigestion can be treated with various clinical medicines alongside way of life changes. The following is an explanation of these two things

1. Healthy lifestyle

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The right lifestyle changes can help prevent acid reflux from recurring. Here are various lifestyle changes that you need to make.
Quit smoking
Avoid foods and drinks that can trigger gastric acid reflux
Try not to rest 2-3 hours in the wake of eating.
Sleep with the head position higher than the chest about 10-15 cm.
Try not to wear garments or belts that are excessively close.
Eat-in small portions but often. Abstain from eating sporadically and in huge segments without a moment’s delay.
If you have a problem with being overweight, trying to lose weight can help with acid reflux symptoms.

2. Medical treatment

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Medical treatment for acid reflux includes medication and surgery (surgery). The following is an explanation of these two types of treatment.
Types of medicines for gastric acid reflux
To treat the symptoms of gastric acid reflux, doctors may prescribe the following types of drugs:
Antacids neutralize stomach acid.
H2 blockers to reduce gastric acid production.
Proton Pump Inhibitors (PPI) function to reduce the amount of gastric acid production.
Prokinetic drugs can strengthen the LES, accelerate gastric emptying to reduce the possibility of gastric acid reflux. Compared to other types of drugs, prokinetics have more severe side effects.

Surgery for gastric acid reflux

If stomach acid reflux can not be treated with medication, the doctor may suggest surgery or surgery.
The operation of the installation of the tool in the form of a ring. The ring is made of titanium magnetic metal and serves to hold the contents of the stomach from rising into the oesophagus. The ring is attached to the outside of the LES.
Fundoplication surgery. This operation aims to create an artificial valve. One procedure is to wrap the upper part of the stomach around the LES to strengthen it, prevent acid reflux, and improve the condition of a hiatal hernia.
Surgery to treat gastric acid reflux is a last resort. In a sense, this action is only done if treatment in the form of lifestyle changes and medication can’t improve the condition of gastric acid reflux disorder that you are experiencing.

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